Egyptologists claim that the Sphinx was built around 2,500 B.C. by the pharaoh Khafre. However, there is very little evidence of this. There were no inscriptions claiming who built the Sphinx, which is very rare in ancient Egypt. They loved to lay claim to their incredible achievements. The only “evidence” that Khafre built the Sphinx is a small statue that was found near the monument.
There are some geologists who offer evidence that the weathering found on the Sphinx was due to hundreds, if not thousands of years of rainfall. The problem is that in 2,500 B.C. the region around Giza was still a desert . Heavy rainfall in the region ended thousands of years before the era of Khafre. You car read about the theory here.
Also, I believe the head of the Sphinx was re-carved in the image of a pharaoh (the Sphinx was rediscovered by ancient Egyptians buried up to its neck after the Khafre era). The head is not the same proportion as the body, which again, is very rare for the exact precision of the ancient Egyptians.
Why the Great Sphinx fascinates me:
1. I believe the Great Sphinx is much older than mainstream archaeology suggests for two main reasons:
– The water weathering suggest it existed during a time of great rainfall in the regions (about 12,000 years ago).
– There is no evidence that the ancient Egyptians built the Sphinx. It is more likely that they re-carved the head in the image of a pharaoh.
2. I think the ancient Egyptians found the Great Sphinx. The “dream stela” was erected in 1400 BC and tells the story of how it was rediscovered years earlier buried up to its head.