Puma Punku is located near the Tiwanaku site in Bolivia and is at an elevation of over 12,800 feet. Like many other ancient sites the date of construction is under debate, but many believe it was built around 400 B.C. Not only are the stones some of the largest in the ancient world, but the method of the intricate carvings cannot be explained by any experts. The amazing right angles of the cuts and the tiny “drill” holes in some of the stones are astounding. We have no idea how or why the site was constructed.
Take a look at the masonry of Puma Punku and see if you can explain how these ancient people moved these gigantic stones into place and how they cut them so precisely with the basic tools in the ancient “tool box” that we believe existed during the time.
Saskaywaman is an ancient fortress with enormous stone walls located in Cusco, Peru which was the capital of the ancient Incas of South America. While many believe the Incas built the complex, there are also stories that the Incas told the Spanish conquistadors that they did not know how they were built or who built them, because they were there before the Incas moved into the area.
Even more impressive than the size of the stones they used (up to 200 tons), is the way they fit the them together without the use of any mortar. The stones are so perfectly placed together in interlocking shapes that a single sheet of paper cannot be fit between them.
There are multiple theories as to how they did this, from a magical plant that melts rock or heat generated from giant mirrors.
Why this fascinates me:
We are starting to learn that many ancient sites around the world were built on top of much older sites. Locations around the world that are ideal for establishing a settlement are constant and if a group of people came across an existing site, at an ideal location, they would simply build upon the existing structure. We still this this today, however in modern day we tend to demolish and rebuild. In ancient times, building upon an existing foundation is not only logical, but has been found as fact in multiple site across the world.
I believe the Inca developed their civilization on top of an existing foundation which was much, much older.
Who built the original structure of Saksaywaman and how did they create a structure that could not be replicated in modern times?
The Nazca Lines consist of hundreds of geoglyphs carved on the desert of southern Peru thought to have been created around 400 A.D. What makes them so fascinating is the shear size of the images and precision of the geometric shapes that can only be seen by flying above in a plane or from the tops of hills miles away.
Most are geometric lines and shapes, but many are artistic depictions of animals and in one case a man, that some believe looks like a astronaut.
Once again, we do not know why they were created but some believe that it was a plea to their Gods in the hope to bring back the rain.
The Nazca people are also known for binding their heads to create what we call “elongated skulls”. This practice in amazing for multiple reasons that I will be discussed in another post dedicated to the “practice” (if in fact that actually practiced such a strange ritual).