In 2010 scientists found evidence (only a finger bone) in Siberia of a new species of humans. The DNA was different than both homo sapiens (modern humans) and neanderthals and was dated around 41,000 years ago.
This is fascinating to me because it is now evident that there were multiple species of humans living together in prehistoric times as apposed to the theory that modern humans were descendants of, or linear ancestors to either of these species. We were separate species living among each other in the remote past. It is believed that all three of these species interbred in ancient times.
“Approximately 4% of the DNA of non-African modern humans is shared with Neanderthals, suggesting interbreeding. Tests comparing the Denisova hominin genome with those of six modern humans – aǃKung from South Africa, a Nigerian, a Frenchman, a Papua New Guinean, aBougainville Islander and a Han Chinese – showed that between 4% and 6% of the genome of Melanesians (represented by the Papua New Guinean and Bougainville Islander) derives from a Denisovan population.” Learn more here.
What were these “people” like? How advanced of a species were they? We have recently discovered cave art by neanderthals proving they were more advanced than we previously thought since we assumed only modern day humans could understand and implement symbolism. Now that we know there was a third human species in prehistoric times, it will be amazing to learn more about when they emerged, what they knew and how civilized they were. I expect scientists will discover more which will answer some questions, but probably create more.
This is probably the strangest of my favorite historical mysteries. There have been hundreds of elongated skulls found all over the world. The accepted theory is “artificial cranium deformation”, where ancient people would bind their babies heads to deform the skull. Some argue there is no physical evidence of this. Others claim the volume of the elongated skulls is much greater than a normal skull, which would not occur by binding. And some even claim these must be alien or a different humanoid species.
What I find most interesting is that even if the binding theory is correct, why did all these cultures separated by thousands of miles and hundreds of years (thousands if you include the ancient egyptians; see Akhenaten) practice the same strange custom of binding baby skulls? History says these cultures across the continents had no contact with each other in the ancient world, but they were found in South America, Africa, Europe and even the Australian Aborigines.
Is it just a very strange coincidence?
Most people have heard of the great flood from the Bible when Noah saved two of every animal by building a giant ark to protect them from the rising ocean engulfing the entire earth. What many people do not know is that the bible flood myth is simply the latest story about a global flood that has been told in over 70 cultures, thousands of years before the bible was written.
In Plato’s dialogues called the Timaeus and Critias he describes “the great deluge of all” that occurred 9,000 years before his time (around 11,500 B.C.). We now know, during that time, we were in an ice age and the sea levels were 400 feet lower than they are today. Something caused a rapid melt, ending the ice age and eventually creating modern day sea levels. We have also discovered ancient sites hundreds of feet below sea level off the shore of Japan.
Why this fascinates me:
1. There are too many stories, from all across the world that date back thousands of years to only be a myth (the flood, not the Noah story).
2. A natural catastrophe, such as a meteor landing in the Indian Ocean, could easily wipe out most of mankind at the time, as tsunamis would destroy the coasts.
3. Something caused the mile high glaciers to melt relatively quickly. All that coastline during the last ice age is now underwater.
4. An “advanced” civilization that existed before the ice age makes for great fiction stories!
Was there really an event, such as a meteor crash or epic earthquake, that caused global tidal waves leading to a rapid end to the ice age?
I love writing fiction in my spare time. You can see some of my work and ideas here. My latest interest has been ancient civilizations and the mysteries that surround their existence and accomplishments. Archaeology has recently unearthed evidence of “advanced” civilizations dating back to the prehistoric era (when we were supposed to be only hunter/gatherers living in caves). We have also studied ancient structures with little understanding of how and why they were constructed. New discoveries can literally change our ancient history.
I enjoy using imagination to fill the holes of the unknown about our ancient ancestors for my fiction stories.
On this blog, I will post examples of these ancient mysteries and why I’m so fascinated in their secrets.